propagating monster adansonii

How To Propagate Monstera Adansonii: A Step-by-Step Guide

Monstera Adansonii is a popular houseplant that people love for its beautiful, unique foliage. One of the best things about this plant is that it’s relatively easy to propagate, meaning you can create new plants from the cuttings of your existing ones. You can propagate Monstera Adansonii in various ways – each method has its benefits and drawbacks.

Understanding Monstera Adansonii is critical to successfully propagating it. This plant is native to Central and South America and is a member of the Araceae family. It’s also commonly known as the Swiss Cheese Vine due to the holes in its leaves.

Monstera Adansonii is a vining plant that can grow up to 20 feet long in the wild, but it’s typically much smaller when grown indoors. It prefers bright, indirect light and well-draining soil, and it’s essential to keep it away from drafts and extreme temperatures.

Key Takeaways

  • Monstera Adansonii is a popular houseplant that is relatively easy to propagate.
  • Understanding the ideal conditions for propagation and the different methods available is key to success.
  • Proper care post-propagation is essential to ensure the health and longevity of your new plants.

Understanding Monstera Adansonii

Monstera adansonii, also known as the Swiss cheese plant, Swiss cheese vine, Adanson’s monstera, or monkey mask plant, is a popular houseplant that belongs to the Araceae family and is native to Central and South America. It is a vining plant that can grow up to 30 feet long in its natural habitat.

The leaves of Monstera adansonii are unique and distinctive, with irregular holes and cuts that give it the Swiss cheese look. The plant has dark green leaves that are obliqua or heart-shaped, and it can be grown as a trailing or climbing plant.

Monstera adansonii is relatively easy to care for and propagate, making it a popular choice among plant enthusiasts. It thrives in bright, indirect light and prefers well-draining soil. The plant can also tolerate low light conditions, but its growth may be slower.

In terms of propagation, Monstera adansonii can be propagated through stem cuttings in water or soil. It is essential to ensure that the cutting has at least one leaf and one node to promote root growth. Propagation in water allows for easy monitoring of root development, while propagation in soil promotes faster growth.

Ideal Conditions for Propagation

Propagation of Monstera Adansonii requires specific conditions to ensure the success of the process. The following are the ideal conditions for propagating Monstera Adansonii:


Monstera Adansonii requires bright, indirect light for optimal growth. Direct sunlight can burn the leaves, while insufficient light can lead to stunted growth. It is recommended to place the plant near a window that receives bright, indirect light for at least six hours a day.


Monstera Adansonii thrives in warm temperatures between 65°F to 85°F (18°C to 29°C). Temperatures below 60°F (15°C) can cause the plant to suffer, while temperatures above 90°F (32°C) can cause damage to the leaves.


Monstera Adansonii prefers a humid environment. High humidity levels help the plant retain moisture and prevent it from drying out. It is recommended to keep the plant in a room with a humidity level of 60% or higher. If the air is dry, misting the plant or placing a humidifier nearby can help.


When propagating Monstera Adansonii, choosing a location that is warm, humid, and receives bright, indirect light is important. Avoid placing the plant in direct sunlight or in a drafty area.

Grow Lights

If natural light is insufficient, grow lights can supplement the light requirements for Monstera Adansonii. It is recommended to use LED grow lights that emit a full spectrum of light and to place them 6-12 inches above the plant.

By providing the ideal conditions for Monstera Adansonii propagation, the plant can grow healthy and robust, producing beautiful leaves that will enhance any indoor space.

Propagation Methods

Monstera adansonii can be propagated using various methods, including water propagation, soil propagation, and moss propagation. Each method has its benefits and drawbacks, and the choice of method depends on the grower’s preference and the resources available.

One of the most popular methods of propagating Monstera adansonii is through stem cuttings. Cuttings with a node can be propagated in both soil and water.

When propagating in soil, the cutting should be planted in a well-draining potting mix and kept moist until roots form. Water propagation involves placing the cutting in a jar of water until roots develop.

Another propagation method is air layering, which involves creating a small cut in the stem and wrapping it in damp moss. The moss is then covered with plastic wrap to keep it moist. Once roots have developed, the new plant can be cut from the mother plant and potted.

Moss propagation is another option for propagating Monstera adansonii. This method involves wrapping a section of the stem in damp sphagnum moss and covering it with plastic wrap. Once roots have formed, the new plant can be potted.

Step-by-Step Guide to Propagation Monstera Adansonii

To propagate Monstera Adansonii, one needs to follow a few simple steps that involve taking a cutting, rooting it, and then planting it.

Materials You’ll Need:

Using Stem Cuttings:

  1. Prepare the cutting: Take a sanitized and sharp pair of scissors or a sharp knife. Cut the stem 1/4 inch below the node. Make sure there is at least one node on the cutting because that is where the roots will sprout out from.
  2. Root the cutting: Place the cutting in a jar or a vessel filled with water, making sure that the node is submerged in the water. Cover the jar with plastic wrap to keep the moisture in. Place the jar in a bright, indirect light spot, and change the water every few days. Alternatively, you can dip the cutting in rooting hormone before planting it in well-draining soil or moss.
  3. Plant the cutting: Once the roots are at least an inch long, it’s time to plant the cutting. Choose a pot with a drainage hole and fill it with well-draining soil or moss. Make a hole in the soil and gently place the cutting in it. Cover the roots with soil and press it gently to secure the cutting.
  4. Water the cutting: Water the cutting thoroughly, making sure that the soil is moist but not soggy. Avoid overwatering, as it can cause root rot. Place the pot in a bright, indirect light spot and avoid direct sunlight.
  5. Care for the cutting: Keep the soil moist and monitor the moisture levels weekly. Move the pot outdoors during the summer months, preferably under dappled shade. Fertilize lightly once every four weeks during the growing season.

Using Moss Propagation:

  1. Choose a Healthy Vine: Select a healthy, mature vine from your Monstera Adansonii plant that you want to propagate. Look for a node, which is a small bump on the vine where leaves and roots emerge.
  2. Prepare the Moss: Soak the sphagnum moss in water until it’s thoroughly moistened. Squeeze out excess water to ensure the moss is damp but not dripping wet.
  3. Apply Rooting Hormone (Optional): If you have rooting hormone, you can lightly dust the node area of the vine with it. This can encourage quicker root development, but it’s not necessary.
  4. Wrap the Node with Moss: Take a handful of damp moss and wrap it around the node, ensuring that the node is completely covered. The moss will help retain moisture and provide a suitable environment for root growth.
  5. Secure with Plastic Wrap: Wrap the moss-covered node with plastic wrap or place it inside a clear plastic bag. The plastic wrap will help create a humid environment that encourages root growth.
  6. Tie in Place: Use twine or plant ties to secure the plastic wrap in place, ensuring that the moss remains in contact with the node.
  7. Monitor and Mist: Place the wrapped node in a warm and bright location with indirect light. Mist the moss and plastic wrap regularly to maintain humidity. You can also gently water the moss to keep it consistently damp.
  8. Wait for Roots: Over the next few weeks to months, you should start to see roots forming within the moss. Keep an eye on the progress and continue misting as needed to maintain humidity.
  9. Root Development: Once the roots are several inches long and appear healthy, you can carefully cut the rooted portion of the vine below the moss-covered node. Ensure you have a sufficient number of roots for the new plant to thrive.
  10. Potting Up: Plant the rooted cutting in a small pot with well-draining soil suitable for aroids (such as a mix of potting soil, perlite, and orchid bark). Water the cutting gently after potting and place it in a location with bright, indirect light.
  11. Care for the New Plant: Continue to care for the new Monstera Adansonii plant as you would for a mature plant, adjusting watering frequency as needed for a newly potted cutting.

Remember that propagation can take time, and patience is key. Not all nodes will develop roots successfully, so you can try multiple nodes to increase your chances of success.

Using Water Propagation

  1. Select a Healthy Cutting: Choose a healthy stem cutting from the plant you want to propagate. Make sure the cutting has at least one node, which is a small bump on the stem where leaves and roots emerge.
  2. Trim the Cutting: Use sharp scissors or pruning shears to make a clean cut just below a node. The cutting should be around 4 to 6 inches in length.
  3. Remove Lower Leaves: Trim away any leaves that would be submerged in water, leaving only the node and a few upper leaves on the cutting.
  4. Place Cutting in Water: Fill a clean glass jar or vase with water. Insert the trimmed end of the cutting into the water, making sure the node is submerged while the leaves remain above the waterline.
  5. Position in Indirect Light: Place the jar or vase in a location with indirect sunlight. Avoid direct sunlight, as it can cause the water to heat up and potentially harm the cutting.
  6. Change Water Regularly: Every few days, change the water in the jar to prevent the growth of algae and to provide fresh nutrients to the cutting. Rinse the cutting gently under running water while changing the water.
  7. Monitor Root Growth: Over the course of a few weeks to a couple of months, you should start to see roots emerging from the node. Initially, the roots might be small, white, or translucent.
  8. Wait for Sufficient Roots: Allow the roots to grow to a few inches in length before transplanting the cutting into soil. The longer the roots, the better chance the plant will have when transitioning to soil.
  9. Transplant into Soil: Once the roots are sufficiently developed, carefully remove the cutting from the water and plant it into a small pot with well-draining soil suitable for the plant type.
  10. Water and Care: After planting, water the cutting gently and place it in an area with the appropriate light conditions for the specific plant. Gradually acclimate the plant to its new environment, and continue to care for it as you would for a mature plant.
  11. Patience and Growth: Be patient as the propagated cutting establishes itself in the soil. New growth will eventually emerge, and your propagated plant will begin to thrive.

Water propagation is actually my favorite method for Monstera plants. It can be a rewarding and visually interesting way to observe root development and prepare a cutting for its new life as an independent plant.

By following these simple steps, one can easily propagate Monstera Adansonii and enjoy a new plant in no time.

Plant Care Post Propagation

After successfully propagating a Monstera Adansonii, it is essential to take proper care of the new plant to ensure its healthy growth. Here are some care tips to follow post propagation:


After propagating the Monstera Adansonii, it is important to maintain consistent watering. The soil should be kept moist but not waterlogged.

Overwatering can cause root rot, while underwatering can lead to stunted growth. It is recommended to water the plant once a week, but frequency may vary depending on the environmental conditions.

Soil and Potting

The Monstera Adansonii requires well-draining soil to thrive. A mixture of peat moss, potting soil, perlite, and orchid bark can be used for potting.

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The pot should have proper drainage to prevent water from accumulating at the bottom, causing root rot. A moss pole or support can be used to help the plant climb and grow vertically.


Fertilizing the Monstera Adansonii can help promote healthy growth. A balanced fertilizer can be used every two to four weeks during the growing season, which is usually from spring to fall. It is recommended to dilute the fertilizer to half strength to avoid burning the roots.

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The Monstera Adansonii prefers bright, indirect light. Direct sunlight can scorch the leaves, while low light can cause the plant to become leggy and weak. It is recommended to place the plant near a window that receives bright, indirect light.


The Monstera Adansonii prefers high humidity levels. A humidifier can be used to maintain the humidity levels, or the plant can be placed on a tray with pebbles and water to increase humidity levels around the plant.

By following these care tips, the Monstera Adansonii can continue to grow and thrive post propagation.

Common Issues and Solutions

Monstera adansonii is a hardy plant, but it can still face a few common issues that can hinder its growth and propagation. Here are some of the most common issues and their solutions:

Root Rot

Root rot is one of the most common problems faced by Monstera adansonii plants during propagation. It occurs when the roots of the plant are exposed to too much moisture for an extended period. To prevent root rot, ensure that the soil is well-draining and that the pot has drainage holes. If root rot has already set in, the plant may need to be repotted in fresh soil.


Pruning is an essential part of Monstera adansonii care, as it helps to promote healthy growth and prevent the plant from becoming too leggy. When pruning, it is important to use sharp pruning shears to make clean cuts. Prune the plant in the spring or summer, and avoid pruning during the winter months when the plant is dormant.

Holes in Leaves

If you notice holes in the leaves of your Monstera adansonii, it may be due to pests such as spider mites or mealybugs. To get rid of these pests, wipe the leaves with a damp cloth or spray the plant with an insecticidal soap.

Nutrient Deficiencies

If your Monstera adansonii is not getting enough nutrients, it may show signs of stunted growth, yellowing leaves, or leaf drop. To prevent nutrient deficiencies, fertilize the plant with a balanced fertilizer every two weeks during the growing season.

Leggy Growth

If your Monstera adansonii is becoming too leggy, it may be due to a lack of light. Move the plant to a brighter location, or provide it with artificial light if necessary.

pH Level

Monstera adansonii prefers a slightly acidic soil with a pH level of around 5.5. If the soil is too alkaline, the plant may not be able to absorb nutrients properly. To adjust the pH level, add sphagnum moss or other acidic materials to the soil.

Glass Containers

While Monstera adansonii can be propagated in water, it is important to avoid using glass containers, as they can cause the roots to become tangled and difficult to remove. Instead, use plastic or ceramic containers for propagation.

Seasonal Care Tips

Monstera adansonii is a tropical plant that requires specific care to thrive. When it comes to seasonal care, there are a few things to keep in mind to ensure that your plant stays healthy and happy throughout the year.

Spring and Summer Care

During the growing season, which typically runs from spring to summer, Monstera adansonii requires consistent access to water. Ensure that the soil remains moist but not waterlogged, as overwatering can lead to root rot.

It’s also a good idea to fertilize your plant during this time to promote healthy growth. Use a balanced fertilizer every two weeks or as directed on the package.

In addition to watering and fertilizing, Monstera adansonii needs plenty of warmth and humidity to thrive. Keep the plant in a warm, bright spot with indirect sunlight, and consider using a humidifier or pebble tray to increase humidity levels.


Monstera adansonii grows quickly and may outgrow its pot within a year or two. When this happens, it’s time to repot the plant.

Repotting is best done in the spring, just before the growing season begins. Choose a pot that is one size larger than the current one and use a well-draining soil mix. Ensure that the new pot has drainage holes to prevent waterlogging.

When repotting, gently loosen the roots and remove any dead or damaged ones. Place the plant in the new pot and fill in with soil, leaving a few inches of space at the top to allow for watering. Water the plant thoroughly after repotting and continue with regular care.

Monstera Adansonii Varieties

Monstera Adansonii is a popular houseplant because of its unique foliage and easy-to-care-for nature. There are several varieties of Monstera Adansonii that are available in the market. Here are some of the most popular varieties that you can consider adding to your plant collection:

  • Monstera Adansonii Swiss Cheese Plant: This variety has large, heart-shaped leaves with holes and splits that give it a unique appearance. It is also known as the “Swiss Cheese Plant” because of its resemblance to a block of Swiss cheese. This plant can grow up to 10 feet tall and is perfect for adding a tropical touch to any room.
  • Monstera Adansonii Narrow Form: This variety has narrow, elongated leaves with small holes. It is a more compact plant that is perfect for smaller spaces. The leaves are also more delicate and have a lighter green color.
  • Monstera Adansonii Variegated: This variety has leaves with white or yellow variegation. It is a rare and highly sought-after plant that can be difficult to find. The variegation adds a unique touch to the plant and makes it a great addition to any plant collection.
  • Monstera Adansonii Aurea: This variety has leaves with a yellow or gold color. It is a rare and highly prized plant that can be difficult to find. The yellow color adds a unique touch to the plant and makes it a great addition to any plant collection.

You can find Monstera Adansonii varieties in plant nurseries, online plant shops, or on platforms like Etsy. When choosing a variety, make sure to consider the size of the plant, the color and shape of the leaves, and your personal preferences.

Final Tips and Tricks

When propagating Monstera Adansonii, there are a few tips and tricks that can help ensure success. Here are some final recommendations to keep in mind:

  • Provide bright, indirect light: Monstera Adansonii prefers bright, indirect light, so make sure to place your cuttings in a well-lit area without exposing them to direct sunlight.
  • Mist regularly: Mist your cuttings regularly to keep them hydrated. This can help prevent drying out and promote healthy growth.
  • Encourage aerial roots: Monstera Adansonii is known for its aerial roots, which can help the plant anchor itself and absorb nutrients. To encourage the growth of aerial roots, mist the stem regularly and provide a humid environment.
  • Avoid direct sunlight: While Monstera Adansonii needs bright light, direct sunlight can damage the plant and cause its leaves to burn. Keep your cuttings away from windows or other sources of direct sunlight.
  • Be patient: It can take several months for Monstera Adansonii cuttings to root and start growing. Be patient and avoid disturbing the cuttings too much during this time.
  • Look for fenestrations and splits: Monstera Adansonii is known for its distinctive fenestrations and splits, which can make the plant a striking addition to any collection. Look for these features when selecting cuttings to propagate.

Frequently Asked Questions

Q: How to propagate Monstera adansonii in water?

A: Propagating Monstera adansonii in water is a relatively easy process. Take a stem cutting with at least one node and 1-3 leaves, and place it in a jar or vase filled with water.

Make sure the node is submerged in the water, and place the jar in a bright, indirect light. Change the water every few days to keep it fresh. After a few weeks, roots should start to grow from the node. Once the roots are several inches long, the cutting can be planted in soil.

Q: How to propagate Monstera adansonii variegated?

A: Propagating Monstera adansonii variegated is similar to propagating the regular Monstera adansonii. Take a stem cutting with at least one node and 1-3 leaves, and follow the same steps for water or soil propagation.

However, it’s important to note that variegated plants can be more delicate and may need extra care during the propagation process.

Q: How long to propagate Monstera adansonii?

A: The length of time it takes to propagate Monstera adansonii can vary depending on the method used and the conditions in which it’s grown. In general, it can take several weeks to a few months for roots to grow and the cutting to be ready for planting in soil.

Q: How to propagate Monstera adansonii in soil?

A: To propagate Monstera adansonii in soil, take a stem cutting with at least one node and 1-3 leaves. Dip the cut end of the stem in rooting hormone powder and plant it in well-draining soil.

Water the soil thoroughly and place the cutting in a bright, indirect light. Keep the soil moist but not waterlogged, and roots should start to grow from the node within a few weeks.

Q: How to propagate Monstera adansonii without leaves?

A: While it’s ideal to have at least one or two leaves on a stem cutting, it is possible to propagate Monstera adansonii without leaves.

Take a stem cutting with at least one node, and follow the same steps for water or soil propagation. The cutting may take longer to develop roots and may need extra care, but it can still be successful.

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