Are you curious about how to propagate monstera deliciosa? We had the same question. This post provides a comprehensive guide outlining three distinct propagation methods to help you cultivate more gorgeous plants.
From water and soil variants up to air layering—it’s easier than ever before when it comes to propagating your own Monsteras. Plus, they are low-maintenance plants that require minimal effort for maximum rewards!
What Is a Monstera Deliciosa?
Monstera deliciosa is a tropical plant native to Mexico and Central America. It’s an evergreen climbing vine with large, heart-shaped leaves with natural splits, giving the plant its characteristic appearance.
The budding leaves start whole and split as they grow, making them one of the most recognizable houseplants.
For a good reason, Instagram has popularized this plant, and it is now a sought-after addition to many homes. If you are looking for a gorgeous tropical houseplant with low-maintenance needs, Monstera deliciosa could be a perfect choice.
This plant got its unique name from its delicious-smelling fruit, which tastes like a combination of pineapple and banana. The fruits are edible but have yet to be widely eaten as the plant is usually grown as an ornamental.
The Monstera Deliciosa was discovered in 1693 by Charles Plumier, a French botanist exploring Central America.
They can grow significantly- some reaching heights of over 10 feet, so keeping them in a container or well-supported pot with a stake to ensure they don’t topple over is best.
When Should I Propagate My Monstera?
Knowing when to propagate a monstera deliciosa is a crucial step in the process. The best time to do so is usually during spring or summer when it’s warm and humid outside.
This is when the plant grows more actively and can recover quickly from any transplant shock.
Since these plants hail from the tropical jungle, they prefer warm, humid environments. That’s why you must refrain from propagating in too cold or dry conditions.
Should I Propagate monstera in Water or Soil?
Though there are several different ways to propagate your monstera, water, and soil propagation are the two most popular methods.
Water propagation is the easiest way to go about propagating monstera deliciosa. You only need an empty bottle or jar, some distilled water, and pruning shears.
Start by cutting off a healthy stem with two or three leaves on end and place it in your jar of water.
Do you really need distilled water? Yes, it’s best to use distilled water because it contains no minerals that could harm your plant.
Change the water every few days to keep it fresh, and within a week or two, you should start to see roots forming.
Make sure to remove any leaves that are below the water line, as they can rot. Place your jar in bright, indirect light and change out the water every few days until you start to see roots growing from the bottom of the stem.
Once the roots are an inch or two long (about 4-8 weeks), you can transfer your new cutting to the soil.
I prefer the water propagation this method because I don’t have to worry about over-watering or providing the right soil conditions. Plus, it’s a fun way to watch the roots grow before planting the cutting into soil!
Soil propagation is also a popular method for propagating monstera deliciosa. Start by filling a pot with well-draining soil and water it until moist.
Cut off a stem with two or three leaves, and make sure to remove any leaves that are below the soil line.
Place your cutting in the pot and firmly press down around it to ensure good contact with the soil.
Keep the soil damp but not waterlogged, and you should see new growth in a few weeks.
If you notice any rotting or browning of the leaves, remove them as soon as possible. Root rot can be caused by over-watering or planting in poorly draining soil, so ensure you’re keeping an eye on your monstera and adjusting accordingly.
Understanding the Importance of the Node For Propagating the Monstera
When propagating any plant, it’s essential to understand how nodes work. Nodes are the spots on the stem where leaves and new roots grow.
These are not the same as the “eyes” on a potato- they are much smaller and can be found along the length of the stem.
The more nodes you have on your cutting, the more potential for new growth. When you propagate in water, make sure to leave at least two nodes submerged below the water line.
When propagating in soil, leave at least one node above the soil line for best results.
Nodes are vital for propagating monstera deliciosa plants because these are the spots where new growth will occur.
So make sure to pay attention to how many nodes you have on your cutting and how deep they’re planted to ensure healthy propagation.
How to Propagate Monstera Deliciosa Through Stem Cuttings
Once you have decided to propagate your monstera deliciosa, the first step is to take a cutting from an existing healthy plant. Take a sharp, sterile tool and cut a stem the length of your choice.
Make sure to cut below a node, where there are small bumps on the stem from which new roots and leaves will sprout.
Once you have a cutting, strip away all of the lower leaves but make sure to leave some at the top for photosynthesis.
Place the cutting in water or moist soil and ensure that it gets adequate light, humidity, and temperature. You can also add rooting hormone to the water or soil for better results.
Wait patiently for new roots to arise from the node and a few leaves at the top of the stem cutting. Once firmly rooted, you can move your cutting into a larger pot with well-draining soil.
Moving a Plant From Water Propagation to Soil
When you propagate plants in water, their roots can weaken and tangle. This is why moving your monstera from water to soil is essential as soon as you see roots starting to grow.
To do this, carefully remove the cutting from the jar and inspect the root system. Gently untangle any knotted or tangled roots before planting in soil. Once planted, be sure to keep the soil moist but not waterlogged.
Water roots are usually weaker than soil roots, so the plant may take some time to adjust before it starts growing again. This is due to a process called transplant shock, which can occur when plants are moved from one environment to another.
Why are water roots weaker?
Water roots are usually weaker than soil roots because they require less energy to be produced. Soil can provide more nutrients and support the plant’s growth, while water only provides a basic source of sustenance.
That’s why providing your monstera with strong, healthy soil is crucial when transplanting from water propagation.
How to Propagate Monstera Deliciosa Through Air Layering
For this method, you’ll need an axillary bud (the bump that appears where leaves join the stem) or a node (the point where leaves emerge from the stem). Make a small incision at the spot, then wrap some sphagnum moss around it.
Secure the moss in place with string or cloth and keep it moist by misting the plant daily. After several weeks roots should begin to form between the moss and stem. When you see them appearing, carefully cut the stem just below them and repot your new plant.
Alternatives to moss include peat moss, compost, or vermiculite. These will help keep the air layer moist and prevent it from drying out.
How to Propagate Monstera Deliciosa Through Division
While this isn’t precisely propagation, dividing your monstera can be a great way to give it some extra TLC and spread the love.
First, dig up your plant, then cut at its base with a sharp tool. You’ll want to ensure each section has at least one node and two leaves.
Replant each section in individual pots with well-draining soil and add a stake for support. Take extra care when watering, as too much can cause root rot or fungal diseases.
Propagating monstera deliciosa is a rewarding experience that will give you lush, beautiful plants in no time!
Lighting Requirements For Newly Propagated Plants
When propagating monstera deliciosa, it’s crucial to ensure that you don’t propagate in conditions that are too cold or dry. Ideal temperatures range between 65-85F with medium to high humidity levels.
New cuttings should be placed in bright indirect light near a window. This will help them establish healthy roots and encourage new growth. Avoid direct sunlight, as this can scorch the leaves of your new plant.
Q: How do I know if my cutting is rooted?
A: You’ll know it’s rooted when new leaves and roots emerge from the node or axillary bud.
Q: How often should I water my newly propagated monstera?
A: Newly propagated stems should be watered sparingly – only enough to keep the soil moist but not soggy. Overwatering can cause root rot, so it’s essential to water with caution.
Q: Is it better to propagate in soil or water?
A: While either method will work, propagating your monstera in the soil is generally a better choice as it offers more sustenance. That being said, water propagation is a great way to speed up the rooting process.
Q: How do I know when it’s time to repot my newly propagated monstera?
A: When new growth appears on your plant, it’s time to repot. Choose a pot slightly larger than the current one and fill it with quality potting soil. Make sure to water your plant thoroughly before and after rep
Q: How to propagate Monstera Deliciosa without node?
A: Without a node, it is not possible to propagate monstera deliciosa. Without its nodes and axillary buds, cutting such as leaves will not be able to propagate new growth and will eventually decay.
The node is part of the stem where leaves and roots grow from. You can try air layering or division, but both require a node to work.
Q: What are some other types of Monstera plants?
A: There are many other species of monstera, including Monstera adansonii, Monstera obliqua, and Monstera acuminata.
Additionally, there are frequent hybrids between these species which can be found in nurseries or garden stores. No matter which type you choose, all monsteras require ample light and humidity to thrive.
Q: How long does it take for monstera deliciosa to propagate?
A: This depends on the method you’re using. Propagation through division or air layering usually takes 3-5 weeks, but water propagation can speed up this process significantly and root in just a few days. The time it takes for your monster
Q: How are Deliciousa’s Propagated in the wild?
A: In the wild, Monstera deliciosa are mainly propagated through aerial roots, sending out long strands of roots and anchoring themselves to trees or other structures. They can also be naturally propagated through seed dispersal by birds, but this is rare.
Fun Facts About Monstera Deliciousa:
- Monstera deliciosa is a tropical plant native to Mexico and Panama.
- It’s also known as the Swiss cheese plant due to its distinctive leaves, which are filled with holes.
- This plant is a climber, using aerial roots to grab onto trees and other structures to climb higher and get more light.
- Monstera deliciosa can also be propagated by taking root cuttings from mature plants.
- This plant is relatively low maintenance but requires regular pruning to keep it healthy and looking its best.
- It’s a popular houseplant due to its exotic look and ease of care.
- Monstera deliciosa is sometimes called the “fruit salad plant” because its fruit resembles a mix of different fruits in one.
- The leaves of monstera deliciosa are edible and often used in salads, soups, and other dishes.
- If cared for properly, monstera deliciosa can live for many years.
Once you have taken the proper steps to propagate monstera deliciosa, all that’s left is to give it regular care and watch it grow! With adequate light, water, and temperature, you’ll soon be able to enjoy your new plant.
Remember that propagation can take time, so be patient and don’t give up!
Good luck and lively gardening!