Mother of Thousands

Mother of Thousands Plant: Care Tips and Propagation Techniques

As a plant enthusiast, I am always on the lookout for interesting and unique additions to my collection. One plant that has caught my attention lately is the mother of thousands plant, also known as Bryophyllum daigremontianum or Kalanchoe daigremontiana.

This succulent is native to Madagascar and is known for its ability to reproduce rapidly through its numerous plantlets that grow along the edges of its leaves.

Despite its invasive tendencies, the mother of thousands plant is a popular choice for indoor gardening due to its hardiness and low maintenance. It is capable of thriving in a variety of conditions, from intense heat to drought, making it an ideal choice for those who are new to gardening or have a busy lifestyle.

However, it is important to note that this plant can be toxic to pets, so caution should be taken when choosing a location for it in your home.

Quick Summary Guide:

Species Mother of Thousands
Family Crassulaceae
Scientific Name Kalanchoe daigremontiana
Common Name Mother of Thousands, Alligator Plant
Light Bright indirect light to partial sun
Watering Moderate, allow soil to dry between waterings
Temperature 60°F – 75°F (15°C – 24°C)
Hardiness Zone USDA Zones 9-11
Humidity Average humidity levels
Soil Type Well-draining soil mix
Soil pH Slightly acidic to slightly alkaline
Fertilizing Fertilize monthly during active growth
Repotting Repot every 1-2 years
Propagation Plantlets produced on leaf edges
Toxicity Mildly toxic to humans and pets
Mature Size Up to 1-3 feet (30-90 cm) in height
Bloom Time Infrequent bloom with small, tubular flowers


Mother of Thousands plantAs a plant enthusiast, I find the mother of thousands plant, also known as Kalanchoe daigremontiana, to be a fascinating and unique succulent.

It is a member of the Crassulaceae family and has several common names, including alligator plant, Mexican hat plant, devil’s backbone, and mother of millions.

In this section, I will provide an overview of this plant, including its description, scientific name, and common names.


The mother of thousands plant is a succulent that can grow up to 3 feet tall and 2 feet wide. It has thick, fleshy leaves that are green with reddish-brown spots on the edges.

The leaves are also covered in tiny plantlets that can grow into new plants when they fall off the parent plant. The plant produces small, tubular, bell-shaped flowers that are pink or purple in color.

The leaves of the plant undergo noticeable changes as they transition from juvenile to mature stages.

Here’s a description of the leaves in both stages:

Juvenile Leaves

When the Mother of Thousands plant is in its juvenile stage, the leaves are relatively small and narrow, typically measuring about 1-2 inches (2.5-5 cm) in length. The leaf edges are serrated and adorned with tiny, miniature plantlets along their margins.

These plantlets resemble miniature versions of the parent plant and have their own tiny leaves and root systems. The color of the juvenile leaves is often a vibrant green with hints of reddish or purplish hues.

Mature Leaves

As the plant matures, the leaves undergo significant changes in size, shape, and color. The mature leaves become larger, wider, and more elongated, reaching lengths of around 4-8 inches (10-20 cm). The leaf edges may still have some serrations but tend to become smoother and less pronounced compared to the juvenile leaves.

The color of the mature leaves varies depending on the growing conditions and the specific cultivar, but they commonly feature a dark green hue.

Some mature leaves may have maroon or reddish undertones, especially along the leaf margins or undersides. The surface of the mature leaves is often glossy or slightly waxy, giving them a sleek and shiny appearance.

It’s important to note that the Mother of Thousands plant can exhibit variations in leaf appearance even within the same plant or among different specimens. These changes in leaf characteristics contribute to the unique and fascinating aesthetic appeal of this plant.

Scientific Name

The scientific name of the mother of thousands plant is Kalanchoe daigremontiana. It is also known by its previous scientific name, Bryophyllum daigremontianum.

The genus Kalanchoe includes over 100 species of succulent plants, and the mother of thousands is one of the most unique and interesting members of the genus.

Common Names

The mother of thousands plant has several common names, including alligator plant, Mexican hat plant, devil’s backbone, and mother of millions. These names are all derived from the plant’s unique appearance and reproductive habits.

The plantlets that grow on the leaves resemble tiny alligator teeth, while the plant’s shape is reminiscent of a Mexican hat.

The name devil’s backbone refers to the plant’s thick stem, which resembles a spine, while the name mother of millions comes from the plant’s ability to produce many new plants from its leaves.


The Mother of Thousands plant (Kalanchoe daigremontiana) typically flowers in response to certain environmental conditions and age. Here are some factors that may influence the flowering of a Mother of Thousands plant:

  1. Age: Mother of Thousands plants generally need to reach a certain level of maturity before they can produce flowers. It can take several years for a plant to reach this stage, as it needs to establish a robust root system and develop sufficient energy reserves.
  2. Season: The blooming period of Mother of Thousands plants is often associated with the changing seasons. They are more likely to flower during the spring and summer months when daylight hours are longer and temperatures are warmer. However, the exact timing of flowering can vary depending on the specific growing conditions and the plant’s natural cycle.
  3. Environmental Factors: Adequate sunlight, temperature, and day length play a significant role in triggering flowering. Mother of Thousands plants thrive in bright light and prefer temperatures between 60°F (15°C) and 75°F (24°C). They may require a period of cooler temperatures or shorter daylight hours to initiate flowering.

It’s important to note that not all Mother of Thousands plants will bloom, and the frequency of flowering can vary between individual plants. The primary focus of this plant is its unique leaf production and propagation through plantlets rather than flowering.

If your plant does flower, it can be an additional visual treat, but it is not the plant’s main feature.

Patience and providing optimal growing conditions can increase the chances of your Mother of Thousands plant flowering. However, it’s essential to enjoy the plant for its distinctive foliage and growth habits, even if it doesn’t produce blooms.

Growing Conditions

Mother of Thousands Kalanchoe DaigremontianaClimate

When it comes to growing the Kalanchoe plant, it is important to consider the climate. This plant thrives in tropical and subtropical regions, such as its native Madagascar. It prefers warm temperatures and does not tolerate frost or extreme cold.

Hardiness Zone

The Mother of Thousands plant is a drought-tolerant succulent that can be grown in USDA hardiness zones 9 through 11. If you live in a colder region, it is best to grow this plant indoors or in a greenhouse.


This plant requires bright, filtered sunlight to grow properly. It should not be exposed to direct sunlight for extended periods of time, as this can cause damage to its leaves.

When grown indoors, place your Mother of Thousands plant near a bright window where it can receive ample indirect light throughout the day. East or west-facing windows are often suitable, as they provide bright, morning or afternoon light without excessive intensity.

If you’re growing Kalanchoe outdoors, choose a location that provides partial shade or filtered sunlight. This can be under a tree canopy or where the plant receives sunlight for only a few hours a day, such as morning or late afternoon sun.

These plants can tolerate varying light conditions to some extent. However, it’s important to monitor the plant’s response. If the leaves start to become pale or yellowish, it may indicate that the plant is receiving too much light. Conversely, if the plant appears stretched or leggy with long spaces between the leaves, it may indicate insufficient light.


The Mother of Thousands plant is a drought-tolerant species, so it does not require frequent watering. Allow the soil to dry out partially between waterings to avoid overwatering. Soggy or waterlogged soil can lead to root rot and other moisture-related issues.

Water your plant when the top inch (2.5 cm) of the soil feels dry to the touch. Insert your finger into the soil to check its moisture level. The frequency of watering may vary depending on factors such as environmental conditions, pot size, and the growth stage of the plant.

The Mother of thousands watering habits are minimal, overwatering can be detrimental to the plant. It’s important to strike a balance and avoid keeping the soil overly saturated. Ensure that the pot has proper drainage to allow excess water to escape and prevent waterlogging.

When watering, thoroughly moisten the soil, allowing the water to penetrate evenly. Ensure that water reaches the root zone of the plant. Avoid splashing water directly onto the leaves, as this can cause fungal diseases.

During the growing season, typically spring and summer, the Mother of Thousands plant may require more frequent watering due to increased growth and higher temperatures. In contrast, reduce watering during the dormant period in fall and winter when the plant’s activity slows down.

Pay attention to the plant’s leaves and overall appearance. If the leaves start to wilt or become soft and droopy, it may indicate underwatering. Conversely, if the leaves turn yellow, mushy, or show signs of rot, it may indicate overwatering.


The Mother of Thousands plant prefers well-draining soil that is rich in nutrients. Choose a cactus mix that allows excess water to drain freely and doesn’t hold onto moisture for extended periods.

The soil should have a loose and aerated texture to promote root development and prevent compaction. Avoid heavy or compacted soils that can hinder proper drainage and airflow.

Succulent species benefit from nutrient-rich sandy soil to support their growth. Use a high-quality potting mix or amend the soil with organic matter such as compost or well-rotted manure. This helps provide essential nutrients and improves the soil’s fertility.

The ideal soil pH for the Kalanchoe plant is slightly acidic to neutral, ranging between 6.0 and 7.0. This pH range supports nutrient availability and optimal plant growth. Regularly testing the soil’s pH and making adjustments, if necessary, can help ensure the plant’s health.

While it’s important to maintain well-draining soil, the Mother of Thousands plant still benefits from soil that retains some moisture. It shouldn’t dry out completely between waterings. Aim for a balance that allows the soil to partially dry out before the next watering.

Soil Recipe:

Creating a suitable soil recipe for the Mother of Thousands plant involves combining different components to achieve a well-draining and nutrient-rich medium. Here’s a basic soil recipe you can use as a starting point:

  1. Potting Mix: Start with a high-quality commercial potting mix as the base of your soil recipe. Look for a mix that has good drainage properties and is formulated for indoor plants.
  2. Perlite or Vermiculite: Add perlite or vermiculite to the potting mix to improve drainage and increase aeration. These lightweight materials help prevent soil compaction and promote root health.
  3. Organic Matter: Incorporate organic matter into the soil to enhance its fertility and moisture-retaining capacity. You can use well-rotted compost, leaf mold, or coconut coir as organic amendments. Mix them into the potting mix to improve soil structure and nutrient availability.
  4. Sand (optional): If the potting mix is still retaining too much moisture, you can add coarse sand to increase drainage. This step is especially useful if you tend to overwater your plants or live in an area with high humidity.
  5. Slow-Release Fertilizer: Consider including a slow-release fertilizer in the soil mix to provide a steady supply of nutrients over time. Follow the package instructions for the appropriate amount to add based on the container size.
  6. Adjusting pH: Depending on your specific needs, you may need to adjust the soil’s pH. If the soil is too alkaline, you can add acidic materials like peat moss or pine needles. Conversely, if the soil is too acidic, you can incorporate lime to raise the pH. Test the soil’s pH and make adjustments as necessary.

Mix all the components thoroughly in the desired proportions to create your soil mixture. Remember to choose a container with drainage holes to allow excess water to escape.


The Mother of Thousands plant does not require frequent fertilization, but a liquid fertilizer can be applied once a month during the growing season to promote healthy growth. Avoid fertilizer in the fall and late winter months. It is important not to over-fertilize, as this can damage the plant’s roots.


When it comes to Mother of Thousands propagation, there are three main methods: plantlets, seeds, and offspring. In this section, I will cover each of these methods in detail.


Propagating Mother of Thousands from plantlets is the most common method. These tiny baby plantlets grow along the edges of the leaves and can easily be removed and planted to grow new plants. To propagate from plantlets, follow these steps:

  1. Find a mature Mother of Thousands plant with plantlets.
  2. Gently remove the plantlets from the edges of the leaves.
  3. Plant the plantlets in a well-draining cactus potting mix.
  4. Keep the soil moist but not waterlogged.
  5. Within a few weeks, the plantlets should begin to grow roots and develop into new plants.


While propagating from seeds is possible, it is less common than propagating from plantlets. To propagate from seeds, follow these steps:

  1. Collect the seeds from a mature Mother of Thousands plant.
  2. Plant the seeds in a well-draining soil mix.
  3. Cover the seeds with a thin layer of soil and place on a sunny window area.
  4. Keep the soil moist but not waterlogged.
  5. Within a few weeks, the seeds should begin to germinate and grow into new plants.


Mother of Thousands can also propagate from offspring, which are small plants that grow from the base of the parent plant. To propagate from offspring, follow these steps:

  1. Find a mature Mother of Thousands plant with offspring.
  2. Gently remove the offspring from the base of the parent plant.
  3. Plant the offspring in a well-draining soil mix.
  4. Keep the soil moist but not waterlogged.
  5. Within a few weeks, the offspring should begin to grow roots and develop into new house plants you can keep or share!


When it comes to caring for my mother of thousands plant, I make sure to keep a few things in mind. Proper watering, pruning, repotting, and maintenance are all essential for keeping my plant healthy and happy.


Pruning is important for keeping my mother of thousands plant looking its best. I remove any dead or yellowing leaves as soon as I notice them. I also prune back any leggy stems to encourage bushier growth. When pruning, I make sure to use clean, sharp scissors to prevent damage to the plant.


My mother of thousands plant doesn’t need to be repotted very often, but when it does, I make sure to use a well-draining potting mix. I typically repot my plant every two to three years.

When repotting mother of thousands, I choose a pot that is just slightly larger than the current one to prevent overwatering. I also make sure to use a terracotta pot, as this material allows for better drainage and eliminates soggy soil.


To keep my mother of thousands plant looking its best, I make sure to fertilize it once every three months during the active growing season. I use a balanced fertilizer and dilute it to half strength. I also make sure to provide my plant with bright, indirect light. They need about 6 six hours of light a day.

Finally, I keep my thermostat set between 65 and 75 degrees Fahrenheit to ensure the plant stays within a comfortable temperature range. In the cooler months I try to insure it gets the proper warmth and indirect sunlight for extended periods.


Toxicity to Humans

As I researched about the Mother of Thousands plant, I discovered that it contains a toxic substance called bufadienolides, which can cause serious harm to humans if ingested.

These cardiac glycosides are known for causing cardiac poisoning and cotyledonous. Therefore, it is important to handle this plant with care and avoid consuming any part of it.

Additionally, the sap of the plant can cause skin irritation and allergic reactions in some individuals. So, it is recommended to wear gloves while handling the plant and wash your hands thoroughly after coming in contact with it.

Toxicity to Animals

The Mother of Thousands plant is also toxic to animals, including dogs, cats, and horses. The bufadienolides present in the plant can cause vomiting, diarrhea, and heart problems in pets. In severe cases, it can even lead to death.

Therefore, it is essential to keep this plant away from pets and avoid planting it in areas where they have access to it. If you suspect that your pet has ingested any part of the plant, seek immediate veterinary attention.

There are numerous pet-friendly houseplants available that can bring greenery into your home without posing a risk to your furry friends. Some examples include Spider Plants (Chlorophytum comosum), Boston Ferns (Nephrolepis exaltata), or Areca Palms (Dypsis lutescens).

Diseases and Common Problems of the Mother of Thousands

The Mother of Thousands plant (K. daigremontiana) is generally a hardy and resilient plant. However, it can be susceptible to a few diseases and common problems. Here are some of them:

Root Rot

Overwatering or poorly draining soil can lead to root rot in Mother of Thousands. Excessive moisture around the roots can cause them to become mushy and prone to decay. To prevent root rot, ensure the plant is potted in well-draining soil and water it moderately, allowing the soil to partially dry out between waterings.


Mealybugs are small, soft-bodied insects that can infest the leaves and stems of the Mother of Thousands plant. They appear as white, cottony clusters on the plant. To control mealybug infestations, you can physically remove them with a cotton swab dipped in rubbing alcohol or use an insecticidal soap according to the product instructions.

Leaf Spot

Leaf spot is a common fungal disease that can affect the leaves of the Mother of Thousands plant. It appears as small brown or black spots on the leaves, which can eventually lead to leaf yellowing or wilting.

To prevent leaf spot, avoid overhead watering and ensure good air circulation around the plant. If leaf spot is detected, remove and discard affected leaves and consider using a fungicidal treatment.

Stem and Leaf Drop

The Mother of Thousands plant has a unique growth habit where plantlets develop along the leaf margins. Sometimes, the plantlets may detach prematurely from the mother plant, resulting in stem and leaf drop.

This can occur due to environmental stress, improper handling, or insufficient nutrients. Ensure the plant is provided with adequate light, water, and nutrients to minimize stem and leaf drop.

Insufficient Lighting

Mother of Thousands plants require bright, indirect light to thrive. Insufficient lighting can cause elongated stems, pale leaves, and overall weak growth. Place the plant in a location where it receives bright, filtered light for several hours a day.

Regularly inspecting your Mother of Thousands plant for signs of diseases or problems and taking appropriate action can help keep it healthy.

Providing optimal growing conditions, such as proper watering, adequate lighting, and good air circulation, will go a long way in preventing common issues and promoting the well-being of the plant.


Here are some frequently asked questions (FAQs) about the Mother of Thousands plant along with their answers:

Q: How often should I water my Mother of Thousands plant?

A: Mother of Thousands prefers moderate watering. Allow the soil to dry out partially between waterings, and then thoroughly water the plant until water drains out of the bottom of the pot. Avoid overwatering, as it can lead to root rot.

Q: Can I propagate the Mother of Thousands plant easily?

A: Yes, propagating the Mother of Thousands is relatively easy. The plant produces small plantlets along the leaf margins, which can be carefully removed and planted in a well-draining soil mix. Keep the soil slightly moist until the plantlets establish roots.

Q: What is The Best Pot For Growth And Drainage?

A: When selecting a pot for your Mother of Thousands plant, it’s important to choose one that promotes proper growth and drainage. Here are some factors to consider when selecting the best pot:

Choose a pot that is proportionate to the size of your plant. The pot should provide enough room for the roots to grow and spread comfortably. Avoid pots that are excessively large, as they can retain too much moisture and lead to root rot.

Ensure that the pot has drainage holes at the bottom. These holes allow excess water to escape, preventing waterlogging and root rot. Adequate drainage is crucial for the health and growth of your Mother of Thousands plant.

Opt for a pot made of porous materials, such as terracotta or clay. These materials allow for better airflow and moisture regulation. Avoid pots made of non-porous materials like plastic or glass, as they can retain moisture and increase the risk of overwatering.

Choose a pot with a wider base and narrower opening. This shape provides stability and prevents the plant from tipping over. Additionally, a wider base allows for a more extensive root system and promotes healthy growth.

Consider using a saucer or tray underneath the pot to catch excess water that drains out. This helps protect your furniture or surfaces from water damage and allows you to discard any standing water after watering.

Q: Is the Mother of Thousands a Succulent?

A: Yes, the K. daigremontiana is a type of succulent plant. Succulents are known for their ability to store water in their leaves, stems, or roots, allowing them to survive in arid conditions. The plant has thick, fleshy leaves that store water, making it well-suited for drier environments.

Succulents, including the Mother of Thousands, have unique adaptations that enable them to conserve water. These adaptations include thick, waxy leaves that help reduce water loss through evaporation, and the ability to close their leaf pores (stomata) during hot or dry periods to minimize water loss.

In addition to their water-storing capabilities, succulents like the Mother of Thousands often have unique growth habits, such as forming rosettes or developing specialized structures for water storage, like thick stems or swollen leaves.

These features make them visually appealing and popular choices for indoor gardens, as they can tolerate drier indoor environments.

Q: Is the Mother of Thousands plant an Invasive Plant in the US?

A: Yes, the K. daigremontiana is considered an invasive plant in some regions. It has the potential to spread rapidly and compete with native plant species, disrupting the local ecosystem. Mother of Thousands is capable of producing numerous plantlets along the edges of its leaves, which can easily detach and root in nearby soil.

In areas where the climate is suitable for its growth, such as certain parts of the United States, the Mother of Thousands can establish and spread in the wild. Once established, it can be challenging to control or eradicate due to its ability to reproduce vegetatively.

To prevent the spread and reduce its invasive potential, it’s important to be cautious when growing this plant. Consider keeping it in containers or confined garden beds, regularly removing any plantlets that develop along the leaves, and disposing of them properly.

Additionally, avoid planting Mother of Thousands in natural or sensitive areas where it could potentially escape and become invasive.

Before growing any plant species outdoors, it’s always a good idea to check with local authorities or agricultural extension services to determine if it is classified as invasive in your area and to learn about proper management practices.

Q: Does the Mother of Thousands plant require a lot of sunlight?

A: Mother of Thousands prefers bright, indirect light. It thrives in bright, filtered light for several hours a day. Avoid exposing it to direct sunlight, especially during the hottest parts of the day.

Q: How fast does the Mother of Thousands plant grow?

A: The Mother of Thousands plant is known for its rapid growth. Under ideal conditions, it can grow several inches in height in a short period. The plantlets along the leaf margins contribute to its quick propagation and growth.

Q: Is the Mother of Thousands plant toxic to pets?

A: Yes, the Mother of Thousands plant is considered toxic to pets if ingested. It contains compounds that can cause digestive upset and other symptoms. Keep the plant out of reach of pets and seek veterinary care if ingestion is suspected.

Q: What are similar plants to the Mother of Thousands?

A: If you’re interested in plants that share some characteristics with the Kalanchoe daigremontiana, here are a few similar plants you might consider:

  1. Mother of Millions (Kalanchoe delagoensis): This hardy plant is closely related to the Mother of Thousands and also produces plantlets along the edges of its leaves. It has a similar growth habit and care requirements.
  2. Devil’s Backbone (Pedilanthus tithymaloides): Also known as Zigzag Plant or Red Bird Cactus, this succulent has zigzag-shaped stems and clusters of small leaves. It can be propagated from stem cuttings and has a unique appearance.
  3. Panda Plant (Kalanchoe tomentosa): This succulent has fuzzy, silver-green leaves with brown markings. It forms compact rosettes and is relatively easy to care for.
  4. Jade Plant (Crassula ovata): Known for its thick, fleshy leaves and tree-like growth habit, the Jade Plant is a popular choice among succulent enthusiasts. It is easy to grow and propagate, making it a great option for beginners.
  5. Aloe Vera (Aloe vera): Aloe vera is a well-known succulent that has numerous medicinal and skincare uses. It features thick, spiky leaves that contain a gel-like substance. Aloe vera is relatively low-maintenance and can thrive in a variety of conditions.

These plants share some similarities with the Mother of Thousands in terms of growth habit, succulent characteristics, and propagation methods. However, each plant has its own unique features and care requirements, so be sure to research and understand their specific needs before growing them.

Q: Can the Mother of Thousands plant tolerate low humidity?

A: Kalanchoe can tolerate average indoor humidity levels. However, it appreciates slightly higher humidity. You can increase humidity around the plant by placing it on a tray filled with water and pebbles or by using a humidifier.

Q: Can you Eat mother of thousands?

A: No, it is not recommended to eat the Mother of Thousands (Kalanchoe daigremontiana) plant. While some plants in the Kalanchoe genus, such as Kalanchoe blossfeldiana, have edible leaves and are used in certain culinary applications, the Mother of Thousands is not typically consumed as a food source.

It’s important to note that certain plants, including the Mother of Thousands, may contain compounds or substances that could be toxic or harmful if ingested. Therefore, it is always advisable to exercise caution and consult reliable sources or experts before consuming any plant material.

If you are interested in using plants for culinary purposes, it is best to focus on plants that are specifically cultivated and recognized as edible, and to gather information about their safe and appropriate use from reputable sources.

Final Thoughts

The Mother of Thousands plant is a fascinating and unique succulent that captivates with its ability to produce numerous plantlets along its leaves. Its quirky and charming appearance makes it a fun addition to any plant collection or garden.

While it requires some care and attention, it rewards you with its remarkable growth and the joy of watching new plantlets emerge. Just remember to keep an eye on its reproductive habits and manage it responsibly to prevent any unwanted spread.

So, if you’re looking for a plant that will bring a touch of whimsy to your space, the Mother of Thousands might just be the perfect choice!

Garden Lively!

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