Are you ready to dive into the wonderful world of Philodendrons? 🌿✨ If you’re anything like us, you can’t get enough of these stunning houseplants that come in a wide range of shapes, sizes, and colors.
From the classic favorites to the rare and exotic, we’ve got you covered with an epic list of 30 Types of Philodendron House Plants that will leave you in awe!
Whether you’re a seasoned plant parent or just starting your green journey, this article is a treasure trove of information and inspiration. We’ll take you on a lush adventure through the philodendron wonderland, sharing all the juicy details about each variety and how to care for them like a pro.
So, grab your favorite beverage, get cozy, and prepare to be amazed by the sheer beauty and diversity of these incredible plants. Let’s embark on this green escapade together, and by the end of it, you’ll have a brand new wishlist for your dream philodendron collection.
Origin of the Philodendron Plant
The Philodendron plant is native to the tropical regions of Central and South America as well as Costa Rica. It belongs to the Araceae family and is part of the larger group of plants known as aroids.
The name “Philodendron” comes from the Greek words “philos,” meaning love, and “dendron,” meaning tree, which collectively translates to “tree lover.”
There are over 400 known species of Philodendron, and they vary in appearance and characteristics. Some species are epiphytic, meaning they grow on other trees or surfaces without being parasitic, while others are terrestrial, growing in the soil.
Due to their beautiful foliage and adaptability, Philodendrons have become popular houseplants and ornamental plants worldwide. Their ability to thrive in indoor environments with relatively low light and easy care requirements has made them favorites among plant enthusiasts and beginners alike.
Additionally, many hybrid varieties have been developed over the years, contributing to the vast diversity of Philodendron plants available in the market today.
If you’re new to the world of philodendron house plants, it can be overwhelming to identify the different types you might want to bring into your home. But don’t worry, with a bit of knowledge, you’ll be able to tell them apart in no time.
Climbing Vs Self-Heading
One of the first things to consider when identifying philodendron is whether it is a climbing or self-heading variety. Climbing philodendrons have aerial roots and will climb up trees or other structures if given the opportunity.
Self-heading philodendrons, on the other hand, grow in a more compact, bush-like shape. These bushy plants can be a bit easier to manage if you have a small space.
Leaf Shapes and Colors
Philodendrons come in a wide range of leaf shapes and colors. Some have large, heart-shaped leaves, while others have smaller, more delicate leaves. The colors can range from deep glossy greens to variegated shades of white, pink, red, yellow and light green.
There are many types of philodendron plants, but some of the most popular types include:
- Philodendron hederaceum (Heartleaf Philodendron): This classic variety is widely popular for its heart-shaped leaves and ease of care, making it an ideal choice for beginners.
- Philodendron scandens (Sweetheart Plant): Similar to the Heartleaf Philodendron, it features larger and broader heart-shaped leaves, adding a touch of elegance to any space.
- Philodendron bipinnatifidum (Split-leaf Philodendron): Known for its impressive tropical appearance, this variety showcases large, deeply lobed leaves that create a bold statement.
- Philodendron selloum (Tree Philodendron): With its bushy growth habit and deeply lobed leaves, this variety resembles a small tree, adding a touch of jungle-like charm.
- Philodendron cordatum (Heartleaf Philodendron): A close relative to Philodendron hederaceum, this variety features slightly thicker and more robust heart-shaped leaves.
30 Philodendron Varieties For Plant Lovers to Grow
If you’re in the mood to expand your indoor plants oasis, philodendrons have got your back! These stunning and low-maintenance yet impressive plants come in a variety of flavors, and we’ve gathered 30 of the most popular Philodendron types for you:
1. Philodendron Brasil
Bring a tropical plant fiesta to your space with splashes of vibrant yellow on its green leaves. This easy-going plant is perfect for beginners, making it a great choice for those new to plant parenting.
2. Birkin Philodendron
Admire the stunning dark green leaves adorned with white pinstripes. Although slow-growing, the Birkin Philodendron is well worth the wait. It thrives in bright, indirect light and moderate humidity, creating an elegant addition to your plant collection.
3. Pink Princess Philodendron
Behold the rare and highly sought-after Pink Princess with its pink variegation on lush leaves. While it requires some patience due to slow growth, this plant’s unique and stunning appearance makes it a treasure for enthusiasts who appreciate rare finds.
4. Prince of Orange Philodendron
Add a pop of color with bright orange new leaves maturing to deep green. This beautiful Orange Philodendron is relatively easy to care for and can adapt to various light and humidity levels, making it a versatile choice for any plant lover.
5. Philodendron Micans
Experience the lush forest vibes with velvety, thick, and leathery leaves in rich shades of green with a touch of bronze. The forgiving nature of this Philodendron makes it a great option for those who may be new to plant care.
6. Heartleaf Philodendron
Embrace the beauty of the Heartleaf Philodendron with its small, classic heart-shaped leaves. Whether solid green or variegated, this plant is a hardy and easy-care choice, making it ideal for plant enthusiasts of all experience levels.
7. Philodendron Lemon Lime
8. Philodendron Xanadu
9. Philodendron Selloum
Step into the jungle with the bold and tropical statement created by the large, deeply lobed leaves of Philodendron Selloum. An excellent choice for those seeking a touch of the rainforest.
10. Philodendron Moonlight
11. Philodendron Hope
12. Philodendron Green Emerald
13. Philodendron Cebu Blue
14. Philodendron Red Emerald
Crave a dash of red? Watch as the stunning reddish hue of new leaves gradually transforms into green.
15. Philodendron Black Cardinal
Captivate with the dark, velvety leaves that appear almost black, making this Philodendron a captivating addition to any plant lover’s collection.
16. Philodendron Silver Stripe
17. Philodendron Brandtianum
18. Philodendron Pedatum
Discover delicate grace with Philodendron Pedatum’s deeply dissected leaves, resembling feathers and creating an elegant statement.
19. Philodendron Rojo Congo
20. Philodendron Jose Buono
Make a grand statement with this fantastic climber, featuring velvety, heart-shaped leaves that add a touch of luxury.
21. Philodendron Shangri La
22. Philodendron Ring of Fire
Prepare to be dazzled by Ring of Fire plant with its vibrant green leaves with orange and yellow creating a striking contrast and true show-stopper.
23. Philodendron Imperial Red
24. Philodendron Gigas
Impress with large and stunningly patterned leaves, making this Philodendron gigas an ideal choice for those who love big and bold plants.
25. Philodendron Black Cardinal “Black Gold”
26. Philodendron White Knight
A rare and coveted variety known for its striking white leaves that bring an ethereal beauty to any plant collection.
27. Philodendron Florida Ghost
28. Philodendron Micans Brasil
29. Philodendron Strawberry Shake
Delight in the pastel pink hues of the new leaves, resembling a delicious strawberry shake, making it a whimsical and charming choice.
30. Philodendron Painted Lady
Taking care of your philodendron plant is essential to ensure it thrives in your home. Here are some tips to help you care for your philodendron plant:
Philodendrons prefer indirect bright light conditions. Direct sunlight can scorch their leaves, so it’s best to place them near a window that receives bright, indirect sunlight. If you notice your philodendron leaves turning yellow, it may be receiving too much sunlight.
Watering and Humidity
Philodendrons prefer well-draining soil and should be watered whenever the top inch (2.5 cm) of soil is dry to the touch. Overwatering can cause root rot, so be sure to allow the soil to dry out before watering again. Philodendrons thrive in high humidity, so consider using a humidifier or placing a tray of water near your plant to increase the humidity.
Soil and Fertilizer
Philodendrons prefer well-draining soil, so use a
Pruning and Propagation
Pruning your philodendron can help it maintain its shape and encourage new growth. Use clean, sharp pruning shears to remove any dead or yellowing leaves.
Philodendrons can be propagated by stem cuttings. Simply cut a stem with several leaves and place it in a jar of water until roots form. Then, plant the cutting in well-drained soil.
Common Problems and Solutions
Most Philodendron species can be prone to pests such as spider mites and mealybugs. Regularly inspect your plant for signs of infestation and treat with an insecticidal soap if necessary. Some philodendron varieties are toxic to pets, so be sure to keep them out of reach.
Many Philodendron varieties are vining plants, meaning they have a natural tendency to produce long, trailing stems that climb and grow along supports.
Vining Philodendrons are especially popular as houseplants, as their trailing growth makes them well-suited for hanging baskets or training along trellises and poles. Here are some common vining Philodendron varieties:
- Philodendron hederaceum (Heartleaf Philodendron): A classic vining Philodendron with heart-shaped leaves that trails beautifully, making it a popular choice for hanging baskets.
- Philodendron micans (Velvet-leaf Philodendron): This vining Philodendron has velvety, heart-shaped leaves with a bronze or greenish color, creating an enchanting appearance.
- Philodendron scandens (Sweetheart Plant): Similar to the Heartleaf Philodendron, it features larger, broader heart-shaped leaves with a more elongated appearance.
- Philodendron cordatum (Heartleaf Philodendron): Another variety with heart-shaped leaves, this vining plant is known for its adaptability and ease of care.
- Philodendron Brazil (Philodendron scandens ‘Brasil’): A popular vining variety with green leaves adorned with striking yellow stripes, adding a splash of color to any space.
- Philodendron selloum (Tree Philodendron): While not a traditional vine, this variety can develop long, arching stems that add a vine-like appearance to its lush foliage.
- Philodendron Rojo Congo: Though not entirely a vine, it produces long, trailing stems that give it a cascading effect.
Remember that vining Philodendrons may need support, such as a trellis or moss pole, to allow them to climb and trail gracefully. Regular pruning can also help control their growth and encourage bushier, more compact growth if desired.
White Variegated Philodendrons
White variegation in Philodendrons refers to the beautiful and sought-after patterns of white, cream, or light yellow on the leaves of these plants. This unique foliage adds a striking contrast to the typical green background, making these varieties stand out as captivating houseplants.
Among these captivating houseplants, the ones with white contrasts stand out as true gems. Their variegated leaves adorned with elegant white patterns, these Philodendrons create a mesmerizing contrast with their lush greenery. Let’s explore the beauty of these stunning plant family varieties:
- Philodendron ‘Silver Sword’: A plant that embodies grace and elegance, the ‘Silver Sword’ showcases heart-shaped leaves with a silvery-white hue, making it a standout in any collection.
- Philodendron ‘Florida Ghost‘ : As its name suggests, this rare variety features ethereal white variegation on its leaves, creating a ghostly and captivating appearance.
- Philodendron ‘Painted Lady’: An artistic delight, the ‘Painted Lady’ boasts cream-colored stripes running along the midrib of its leaves, adding a touch of refined beauty to your space.
- Philodendron ‘White Knight‘ (Philodendron ‘White Knight’): A true symbol of royalty, this Philodendron exhibits large, glossy leaves with an enchanting silvery-white hue.
- Philodendron ‘Micans Variegata’: A velvety dream, this variety showcases heart-shaped leaves with delicate white variegated leaves, evoking a sense of serene elegance.
- Philodendron ‘White Princess’: A rare and captivating cultivar, ‘White Princess’ features stunning white variegation that dances across its dark green leaves, leaving plant enthusiasts spellbound.
- Philodendron ‘Jungle Boogie’: A dazzling display of nature’s creativity, this variety presents delightful white patterns on its leaves, adding a playful touch to any indoor jungle.
These magnificent Philodendrons with white variegations are not only a visual delight but also a testament to nature’s boundless creativity. Caring for them requires a little extra attention to lighting and nutrient levels, but the effort is undoubtedly rewarded with their exquisite beauty.
Large Tropical Philodendrons
Among the various Philodendron species, some are known to grow exceptionally large when provided with optimal conditions. Here are a few of the largest Philodendron plants:
- Philodendron giganteum: As the name suggests, this species is one of the largest Philodendron plants, capable of reaching impressive sizes. The leaves can grow up to 3-4 feet in length, and the plant itself can develop a robust and expansive presence with a height up to 8-10 feet and width 6-8 feet.
- Philodendron bipinnatifidum (formerly known as Philodendron selloum): This Philodendron is often referred to as the “Tree Philodendron” due to its tree-like appearance when mature. The leaves can grow up to 2-3 feet in length, creating a majestic and tropical floor plant display. Height: Up to 6-8 feet, Width: 4-6 feet.
- Philodendron melanochrysum: This species is known for its large, heart-shaped leaves with prominent veining. While not as tall as some others, its leaves can grow up to 2 feet in length, making it an impressive sight. Height: Up to 3-4 feet, Width: 2-3 feet.
- Philodendron mayoi: Another large-growing Philodendron species, with leaves reaching about 2-3 feet in length. Its attractive foliage and size make it a sought-after addition to indoor collections. Height: Up to 3-4 feet, Width: 2-3 feet.
- Philodendron pastazanum: This Philodendron is also known for its large leaves, often reaching 2-3 feet in length. The leaves have an attractive velvety texture, adding to its appeal. Heights can reach up to 4-6 feet and 3-4 feet wide.
It’s important to note that the size of these Philodendron plants can vary depending on their growing conditions, such as light, humidity, and space available.
Once you have found your perfect plant for you indoor garden, its time to give it the care and space it needs. When provided with sufficient space and care, these large Philodendrons can become stunning focal points in any indoor or tropical garden setting.
Frequently Asked Questions
Q: What are some upright varieties of Philodendron house plants?
A: Some Philodendron house plant varieties with upright growth habits include the Philodendron Selloum, Philodendron Xanadu, and Philodendron Congo.
Q: What are some common names for different types of Philodendron plants?
A: Some common names for different types of Philodendron plants include Heartleaf Philodendron, Split-leaf Philodendron, and Elephant Ear Philodendron.
Q: What are some low light varieties of Philodendron house plants?
A: Some low light Philodendron house plant varieties include the Philodendron Brasil, Philodendron Cordatum, and Philodendron Prince of Orange.
Q: What are some rare Philodendron varieties?
A: A few rare Philodendron varieties include the Philodendron White Knight, Philodendron Pink Princess, and Philodendron Gloriosum.
Q: What are some large Philodendron house plant varieties?
A: Some large Philodendron house plant varieties include the Philodendron Selloum, Philodendron Xanadu, and Philodendron Congo.
Q: What are some small Philodendron house plant varieties?
A: Some small Philodendron house plant varieties include the Philodendron Micans, Philodendron Lemon Lime, and Philodendron Moonlight.
Q: Are Philodendrons toxic to pets?
A: Yes, many Philodendron varieties contain calcium oxalate crystals, which can cause irritation and discomfort if ingested by pets. Keep them out of reach to ensure your furry friends’ safety.
Q: How often should I water my Philodendron?
A: Water your Philodendron when the top 1-2 inches of soil feel dry to the touch. The frequency may vary based on environmental conditions, but generally, aim for once every 1-2 weeks. Overly moist soil can cause your plant to rot and even those with a green thumb find it difficult to care for this disease.
Q: What kind of light do Philodendrons prefer?
A: Philodendrons thrive in bright, indirect light. Avoid direct sunlight, as it can scorch their leaves.
Q: How do I propagate my Philodendron?
A: Propagation is usually done through stem cuttings. Take a healthy cutting with a node, place it in water or well-draining soil, and wait for roots to develop.
Q: Can I grow Philodendrons outdoors?
A: Many Philodendron varieties are suitable for outdoor cultivation in warm and humid tropical climates. However, they must be protected from direct sunlight and extreme temperatures. The brighter light may make them grow faster yet more leggy.
Q: Why are the leaves of my Philodendron turning yellow?
A: Depending on the plant, if you are expecting green colors, then yellow leaves may indicate overwatering, underwatering, or nutrient deficiencies. Check your watering routine and consider fertilizing with a balanced houseplant fertilizer.
Q: How do I increase humidity for my Philodendron?
A: You can increase humidity by misting the leaves regularly, using a humidifier, placing a tray of water near the plant, or grouping plants together.
Q: Can I prune my Philodendron to control its growth?
A: Yes, pruning is an effective way to manage the size and shape of your Philodendron. Trim leggy stems or overgrown sections to encourage bushier growth.
Q: Does my Philodendron need to be repotted?
A: Repot your Philodendron when it becomes root-bound or outgrows its current pot. Spring is an ideal time for repotting.
Q: How do I prevent pests from infesting my Philodendron?
A: Regularly inspect your plant for pests and wipe down the leaves to keep them clean. Quarantine new plants before introducing them to your collection. In case of infestations, use appropriate insecticides or natural remedies to control pests.
Q: How Tall Do Philodendrons Get?
A: The height of Philodendron plants can vary widely depending on the specific species or cultivar and the growing conditions they are provided. Some Philodendron varieties are naturally more compact and may stay relatively small, while others can grow quite tall and large.
On average, many common Philodendron varieties can reach a height of 1 to 3 feet tall (30 to 90 centimeters) when grown as houseplants in typical indoor conditions.
However, some climbing or vining Philodendron species can grow much taller if provided with proper support, sometimes reaching several feet in height or even climbing up walls or trees in their natural habitat.